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Carrier Introduces eDesign Suite Software Tools for Buildings PR Newswire SYRACUSE, N.Y., July 10, 2012
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Here's a selection of relevant articles about frost line from AEC companies and organizations, including Tap Master, Inc., Environment/One Corp. and American Polywater.
Tap Master, Inc. - Pipe Freezing is what we do!
...water supply and return line at the same time. Valves were installed near the pumps to allow for future servicing. Verification of a successful pipe freeze can be seen in the frost line at each end of the pipe freeze jacket, as well as the temperature monitor readings of the pipe sensors 2" from the end of each freeze. Time tables... See #1.
Retaining Walls - P&W Architectural Stone and Landscape Supply - Your Outdoor Creations Company
...retaining walls made from either cinder-block or a formed poured concrete wall to which a veneer stone is applied. These types of walls require a concrete footer dug at least the frost line which in our area is 18". Depending on the topology and height of the wall additional reinforcement (internal rebar and concrete poured in the cinder-block... See #2.
How to Build Patios & Walkways
...does yield a permanent, maintenance free patio. The basic ingredients of this type of construction are a 4 inch gravel base, a 4 inch reinforced concrete slab, concrete footing to frost line around the perimeter, and the flagstone set in a 1 inch grout setting bed. First, as in dry construction, the patio should be laid out with string and stakes. See #3.
What To Do When Winter Freezes Fiber Transmission -- IceFree® Antifreeze Gel System...
...may infiltrate at these access points and flow down hill, which may result in hundreds of gallons of water being present in the system. As long as the innerduct is buried below the frost line, no freezing will occur. But where a cable is exposed to freezing temperatures, such as at an exposed bridge crossing, ice will form in the duct. Field... See #4.
Frequently Asked Questions | California Redwood
...1/3 the above-ground height plus an additional 6 inches for the rock or gravel bed (Fig. 5). If you experience frost where you live, dig postholes down to a foot below the normal frost line to minimize damage from ground shift due to alternate freezing and thawing of soil. Post Anchor Alternative. As an alternative to placing a posts in the... See #5.
Grinder Pumps, Sewer System Design, E/One Sewer Systems
...details the benefits of pressure sewer systems — for one, they use small, 2- to 4-inch force mains that follow the contour of the land and are installed just below the frost line, eliminating the need for large, deep trenches. Pressure Sewer vs Gravity Sewer Soil conditions can also make pressure sewer a better choice than gravity sewer. See #6.
swimming pool design, palm tree décor, artificial trees, tropical landscape, spa
...grow mostly downward so they are not likely to damage your pool. But, unfortunately, many times large live Palm Trees cannot survive outdoors year round in climates that have a frost line. They can be a fussy plant even in a tropical landscape. However, there is another option. Oasis Illusions manufactures the most durable and botanically... See #7.
E/One Declares War on Failing Septic Tanks: E/One Sewer Systems
...the surrounding landscape and existing infrastructure. E/One’s low pressure sewer employs a much smaller 2- to 4-inch main that can easily be installed just below the frost line, following the natural topography of the land, making for a much smaller environmental footprint. The heart of this innovative system is the E/One Extreme... See #8.